Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. It’s very versatile and has a plethora of uses in a variety of different fields, which makes it an extremely useful skill to have.
If you’re a python beginner who has grasped the basics and are itching to build something then it’s time you start working on a few beginner python projects.
Programming is all about problem-solving, and these beginner python projects will help you get better at these skills.
Even at Board Infinity, we constantly try to give our students as much practical experience as possible through quizzes, assignments, projects, hackathons and various other activities.
In this post, we’ll go through several python projects for beginners that you can use to start building things with Python and strengthen your understanding of the language.
Remember to pick a project idea that seems interesting to you. This will help you follow through and actually complete the project.
So, without further ado… Here are 50 Exciting Python Project Ideas for Beginners:
1. Hello World:
Ah, the all familiar “hello world,” exercise that you do every time you start learning a new programming language. The goal here is to output a small message to introduce yourself to the language. The simplest directive in Python is the "print" directive - it simply prints out a line (and also includes a newline, unlike in C).
2. Dice Roller:
Similar to the “Guess the Number” game above, building a dice roller can be used to play games, or make one similar to a Magic 8-ball to answer your most profound questions!
The rolling a dice simulator will reflect the experience of dice rolling. It will show you a number between 1-6, and you can repeatedly play to get a number from the dice until you choose to quit the program.
3. Odd or Even:
You should start off with a super easy beginner python project you can build right away. In this project, you will write a small Python program that asks the user for a number and tells them if it is odd or even.
4. Strings & Text:
This is a very basic python exercise. Its purpose is to let you use more Python strings and built-in functions to produce meaningful text. This exercise is a bit hard, so please, carefully follow the below guidelines to code. If you get stuck try again until you get it done.
One of the most beloved games of all-time and a simple beginner Python project to test your skills. Start by making it player vs computer. During the process of building this you’ll gain a better understanding of while loops and if statements.
In this beginner python project, you are going to encrypt a message in Python via reverse cipher. You can also encrypt in C++/C programming but Python makes it easier and is mostly preferred. Typically, the cryptography library and others such as PyCrypto, M2Crypto, and PyOpenSSL in Python is the main reason why the majority prefers to use Python for encryption and other related cryptographic activities.
In this beginner python project, you’ll create a Twitter Bot that automates all or part of your Twitter activity. Keeping your account active with new tweets and retweets, following interesting accounts, quickly replying to your follower’s messages, and more
This is a very simple beginner python project that generates a random story. You can ask users to include some words like name, action, etc and then it will transform the stories with the help of your words.
9. Guess The Number:
This could be a fun beginner Python project where your code will randomly generate a number, say between 0 and 10, and the user has 5 attempts to guess this number. Based on the user’s guess computer will give various hints if the number is high or low. When the user guess matches the number computer will print the answer along with the number of attempts.
10. Word Count:
Write a Python program that takes a text file as an input and outputs how many times each word occurs in the text. You can start small by counting the number of words in a list, for example. Use the Counter collection for this.
11. MadLibs Generator:
Remember that game we used to play as kids where we would put some really silly words in blanks and laugh hysterically as it was read back? Well, you can relive those hilarious moments by working on your Python skills. In this python project for beginners, you’ll be able to recreate the MadLibs game within python
12. Password Generator:
For this challenge, you will use a Python script to generate a random password of 8 characters. Each time the program is run, a new password will be generated randomly. The passwords generated will be 8 characters long and will have to include the following characters in any order:
13. Anagram Game:
An Anagram is a word formed by shuffling the letters of another word. In this beginner python project, you will build an anagram game that prompts the user to guess the correct word from its given anagram. For instance, the correct answer to the anagram of “hpotyn” is “python”. The in-built module random will be helpful in implementing this project.
14. Email Slicer Program:
The email slicer is a very effective program. It allows you to get the domain name and username from an email address. You can customize and convey a message to the user with this data.
15. Typing Speed Test:
Typing Speed Testing is the most important tool to track typing speed and improve it with practice. For building this project, you will use the Pygame library that helps in working with graphics and providing a graphical user interface. With this, you can draw the images and text to be displayed on the screen.
16. Generating a Sine vs. Cosine curve:
For this python beginners project, you will have to generate a sine vs cosine curve. You will need to use the numpy library to access the sine and cosine functions. You will also need to use the matplotlib library to draw the curve. To make this more difficult, make the graph go from -360° to 360°, with there being a 180° difference between each point on the x-axis.
17. Binary Search Algorithm:
Create a random list of numbers between 0 and 100 with a difference of 2 between each number. Ask the user for a number between 0 and 100 to check whether their number is in the list. The programme should work like this. The programme will half the list of numbers and see whether the user’s number matches the middle element in the list. If they do not match, the programme will check which half the number lies in, and eliminate the other half. The search then continues on the remaining half, again checking whether the middle element in that half is equal to the user’s number. This process keeps on going until the programme finds the users number, or until the size of the subarray is 0, which means the user’s number isn't on the list.
18. Desktop Notification App:
A desktop notifier is a simple application which produces a notification message in the form of a pop-up message on desktop. It runs on your system and will be utilized to send you notifications after some time. You can utilize the libraries like request, notify2, etc to make this application.
Create a simple horoscope python project that asks the user for their star sign and outputs a fun horoscope for them. Bear in mind that your program should display an error message if the user types in their sign wrong.
Write a program in Python that outputs the acronym of a phrase entered by the user. An acronym is defined as the capitalized word formed by taking the first character of every word. For example "RAM" is the acronym for "random access memory".
21. Text Summary App:
Here’s another beginner python project - Text Summary App. This application would take the article or the book as an input and return the text summary.
22. Pong Game:
Creating a simple Pong game is one of the easiest beginner projects to learn how to use Python for simple video games. You can use the Pygame library to speed up your workflow for designing and writing your game.
23. Data Analysis with Python:
Conducting data analysis with Python is a great idea for an intermediate Python project. Python supports a number of powerful libraries you can use for analyzing, visualizing, and mining data. Small data analysis projects will familiarize you with a few popular Python libraries, such as Matplotlib, NumPy, and Pandas, for instance.
As we all know, Bitcoin’s price is a fickle thing. You never really know where it’s going to be at the end of the day. So, instead of constantly checking various sites for the latest updates, create a beginner Python project that will do the work for you.
This Python game is similar to generating a random number, instead substituting a word where the user guesses the letters. You will also need to create a counter to count the number of guesses of the wrong letters.
26. Login System:
Various forms of authentication are present everywhere. The most popular authentication method for software applications is the username-password paradigm. For a user to be able to be authenticated, their details must be stored in some form of a database.
Implement a python project that must be able to register a new user by storing their username and password details in a text file. Meanwhile, existing users must be authenticated by comparing their usernames with the corresponding password stored in the text file mentioned earlier.
27. Python Excel:
Python is a very powerful language and proves to be a useful tool for manipulating spreadsheets such as Excel workbooks. Implement a personal finance manager that keeps a record of all your transactions. Inputs given from the console must be stored in an Excel workbook according to the specific column. There are several libraries that help with reading and writing Excel files such as openpyxl, xlrd, pyexcel,etc.
28. Interactive Directory:
Build your own Python dictionary program, which prompts a user to enter a word, and the program returns its meaning. You need to take care of case-sensitive user inputs. The JSON module will be required for working with the data file for this implementation.
29. Online Chess:
This is created using the Pygame and Socket module from Python 3. You can design it to each support dual player or against the computer.
30. Graphical User Interface:
Users prefer graphical interfaces rather than text-based consoles for their applications. Hence, it is important to learn how to program GUIs with Python. Design a calculator GUI that implements the four basic operations – addition, subtraction, multiplication and division on two numbers. The GUI should include the numbers and operators as buttons. PyQt5 and Tkinter are the most popular libraries in Python for building graphical user interfaces.
31. Mini Weather Monitor:
Using a Weather API, You create a program that tries to monitor and probably predict the Weather.
32. Sudoku Solver:
Sudoku is a 9x9 grid of cells, some of which are already filled. In this beginner python project, you will use the backtracking algorithm to solve Sodoku.
33. YouTube Video Downloader:
Here’s one of the best beginner python projects for students - YouTube video downloader. More than a billion people watch YouTube every month. Sometimes there are videos we like to download permanently. YouTube doesn’t give you that option, but you can create an app with a simple UI and the ability to download YouTube videos in different formats and video quality. This project looks tough, but it is straightforward when you start working on it.
34. Leap It:
In this program, you input a year and check whether it is a leap year or not. For this, you’ll have to create a function that recognizes the pattern of leap years and can try fitting the inputted year into the pattern. In the end, you can print the result using a boolean expression.
35. Find out, Fibonacci:
You input a number and the function created checks whether the number belongs to the Fibonacci sequence or not. The underlying workings are similar to the above ‘Leap it!’ program.
Steganography is the art of hiding a secret message in another form of media, for example, hiding a coded message in an image or video. You can create a program that protects messages inside pictures for you.
37. Simple Image Recognition:
Another project idea with Python, connected more with machine learning is simple image recognition.
To create a simple image recognition and convolutional neural network, you’d need to go through the following steps:
- importing modules like Keras
- load the data that will be used to train your model,
- transform the data
- create a model and train it
- test it!
38. Finance Tracker:
As you can guess by the name, an expense tracker is a software application that lets you keep track of your expenses, and even analyze the expenses. In this project, you will build a simple expense tracker that can keep track of the user’s expenses.
39. Text-Based Adventure:
This Python project is a simple quest game where the user can walk around different rooms and get a description of each one. You’ll have to set limits on how far they can walk, which direction they can go, and a way to track where the user is at in the game.
Skills used: Variables, strings, input/output, if/else, print, and list.
40. Python Turtle:
Python “Turtle” is a feature that you draw over a board using a turtle through programming commands. The turtle module includes functions such as right() and left() to control the movement of the turtle and hence draw graphics on the screen. Implement various functions of the turtle module using loops and conditionals to draw graphics such as shapes and spirals on the screen.
41. Snake Game:
This also makes use of the Pygame module to create a simple yet classy snake game. The players control the snake to pick something and earn points
42. Contact Book:
This is an excellent python project idea for beginners. Everyone uses a contact book to save contact details, including name, address, phone number, and even email address. This is a command-line project where you will design a contact book application that users can use to save and find contact details. The application should also allow users to update contact information, delete contacts, and list saved contacts. The SQLite database is the ideal platform for saving contacts.
43. Account Storage:
This is a simple python beginner project that allows users to store emails, password and other information. This is not a database but similar to one.
44. Tower Defense:
Some set of characters defend a post(Tower) while another set of characters tries to break into it. This is also created using Pygame,
45. Website Blocker:
We all know while surfing through the net many unwanted sites popup to distract us. This project comes at help in such cases as it can be built up to block certain websites from opening. The program is beneficial for people who get easily distracted to switch to social media sites while into something serious.
46. Flights Monitor:
You create a program that monitors available flights, destinations, and others.
47. Tic Tac Toe:
Tic Tac Toe is the most likely played games using pen and paper in schools. For building the Tic Tac Toe game we will be using the basic concepts of python and Pygame library. Pygame library allows the user to create the window and draw images and shapes on the window. This helps in capturing mouse coordination and identify the block where need to mark ‘X’ or ‘O’ and draw the results.
48. Alarm Clock:
This is an interesting Command Line Interface (CLI) Python application for an intermediate-level developer. People across the globe use alarm clock features in their devices but this project can be altered in a bit different manner. Some certain YouTube links can be added to a text file and the project is programmed in a way that when a user sets an alarm then the code shall pick a random link from the video and will start playing the YouTube link.
49. Directory Tree Generator:
This project is useful for visualizing the relationship between files and directories and making their positioning easy to comprehend. Python OS library can be used to list the files and directories within a specific directory. The excellent frameworks of this project are Docopt and Argparse.
50. Currency Converter:
This is a straightforward project with a simple GUI. The name quite evidently describes the role of the project is to convert currencies from one unit into another. For example, converting Indian rupee to USD or euro. Tkinter, the standard Python interface can be used to design and develop this application.
Some of these projects might seem a bit difficult at the start, but that’s exactly how you’ll learn and get better at Python.
If you get stuck anywhere, you can check out Board Infinity's python programming certification course, which will introduce you to fundamental programming concepts including data structures, networked application program interfaces, and databases. You will gain expert knowledge in Python irrespective of whether you took this course as a hobby or as a portfolio builder.
Have Fun Coding!