Over the past decade, across the globe, there has been a hike in the number of options in the software testing career path. Software testers have no limitations regarding career options in 2022. If you have decided to start your career in this field, this article listing a few of the best software testing career options is for you. To sustain your journey along this path, you should possess excellent aptitude, analytical skills, and knowledge about the best testing methodologies.
Once specialising in a particular certification course and other manual training, you can apply for different types of job options, such as:
1. Automation testing
This is the process of software testing and other tech products. It involves rechecking the equipment after it is completely designed. During development, if any issues arise in the product, then the automation tester checks and correct them.
Automated testing eliminates human errors, automates monotonous tasks, and shortens the developmental cycle of the product. It takes a short time to check and run efficiently, delivering more accurate results.
A test automation engineer’s responsibilities include:
- Designing and developing test automation scripts
- Utilising test automation guidelines
- Conducting testing to investigate issues in the software
- Working with software developers and QA analysts to come up with solutions
- Staying updated with the latest developments in the industry
The salary for automation testers in India ranges from ₹3.0–9.3 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹5.0 lakhs.
Data scientists help solve companies' complex problems by extrapolating data and sharing insights. To become a data scientist, you should have a thorough knowledge of programming languages like Python, modelling, stats, analytics, and maths.
You must familiarise yourself with the learning path in data science to gain accurate knowledge of the subject and industry-level experience. The primary duties of a data scientist include solving real-world data science problems, creating robust ML models, etc. It is a more demanding job after completing your Bachelor's.
A data scientist’s responsibilities include:
- Identifying valuable, strategic data sources and automating collection processes
- Analysing vast quantities of information to detect patterns and trends
- Handling pre-processing of unstructured and structured data
- Developing ML algorithms and predictive models
- Combining models via ensemble modelling
The salary for data scientists in India ranges from ₹4.5–25.0 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹11.0 lakhs.
3. Business analyst
As it is commonly known, BA is one of the career options in software testing. Business analysts verify the developed software before providing it to the customers to meet their demands.
A software tester can quickly become a business analyst by following this guide:
After becoming a BA, several doors of opportunities open for the software testers – they can be promoted to become a lead/senior business analyst, consultants, product owners, and even product managers.
Managing projects, developing project plans, monitoring performance, updating, implementing, and maintaining procedures are some of the roles of a business analyst. They help improve the efficiency of the business areas by clearly identifying which of them lead to strengthening the business process. They try to communicate their findings with others in the business hierarchy and implement the required changes.
The salary for business analysts in India ranges from ₹3.0–15.3 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹7.0 lakhs.
4. Performance testing
This software testing career option involves evaluating a software program or device's speed, responsiveness, and stability.
To conduct performance testing smoothly, you need to follow the following steps:
- Identify the test environment and other testing tools.
- Identify the performance criteria and constraints for metrics.
- Plan the performance test.
- Implement the test design environment by arranging resources.
- Run and monitor the test from time to time.
- Finally, analyse the test results and retest after fine-tuning to check the performance.
A performance test engineer's primary responsibilities are creating and maintaining performance test plans, analysing metrics from system and application logs, injecting load using JMeter load testing software, and simulating system behaviour to enhance the reliability and performance of applications.
As a performance tester, you must ensure that a system can perform well and with high efficiency under varying user loads. You would evaluate the speed, availability, response time, use of resources, and reliability during the production period. You should have a good grip on languages like Python, C+, and Java.
The salary for performance test engineers in India ranges from ₹4.0–8.5 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹5.4 lakhs.
5. Quality engineer
They check the quality of the manufactured goods, create documentation, and devise strategies for good quality tests. They fix the issues in the products after detecting them. The primary duty of a quality engineer is to inspect various components of the products and compare them against predefined standards.
The responsibilities of a quality engineer include:
- Developing inspection methods to analyse product quality
- Improving product quality by making recommendations for change
- Working together with relevant teams and departments to improve products
- Ensuring products adhere to company and industry quality standards
They can work in manufacturing environments that include electronic components, food and dairy, textiles, medical device manufacturing, and computers. To become a successful quality engineer, you must spot the problems in the product quickly, develop innovative solutions, pay attention to the details, have good communication skills through company SOPs and quality documentation, and most importantly, be able to work cohesively with a team.
The salary for quality engineers in India ranges from ₹1.5–5.7 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹2.5 lakhs.
6. Test architect
This is a high post for software testers with 10+ years of experience in software testing. They formulate and optimise the test frameworks, execute the test processes, identify the tools and techniques for test efforts and manage test environments to facilitate test programs.
Developing strategic plans for testing efforts, creating test estimates and defining/building reusable testing assets for large/complex projects are the most critical roles of a test architect.
The salary for test architects in India ranges from ₹12.1–32.6 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹20.0 lakhs.
7. Software delivery manager
This is one of the career options in software testing that involve supervising the whole process during software development. Software delivery managers ensure that the developed product meets the company’s vision and goals.
Defining and documenting project scope and resource requirements and setting timelines for deliverables is an important role of a software delivery manager. They create various strategies for developing the software product and ensure that the developed product is delivered to the customers on a timely basis. Additionally, they set specific guidelines to meet the customers’ requirements.
The salary for performance test engineers in India ranges from ₹6.7–45.9 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹25.5 lakhs.
8. DevOps engineer
DevOps engineers develop tools and methodologies to balance the software goods' life cycle and help maintain their quality. They introduce new features in the developed product and preserve an application’s stability after its release. They ensure that higher quality products reach the users.
Building and setting up new development tools and infrastructure, understanding the needs of stakeholders and conveying this to developers are among the most critical roles of a DevOps Engineer.
The salary for DevOps engineers in India ranges from ₹4.2–12.5 lakhs, the average annual salary being ₹6.0 lakhs.
Graph showing average salaries of different career options in software testing
The list above provides a few career options for software testing, but the list continues. The salary of a software tester depends on the years of experience of the same. At its crux, a good software tester's capabilities involve identifying software bugs, glitches, and errors in the developed product. You must have unique analytical and critical thinking skills.
Once you get into this field, there is no looking back. But the prime responsibility of every software tester is to meet the needs and requirements of the customers by giving them high-quality products without any defects.
To excel in this field and develop a thorough knowledge of software skills, you can take up one of the many free certification courses available on Board Infinity and accelerate your career.