Today, the internet is nothing without websites. Truckloads of information presented to you in one click, in a suave looking manner with impressive visuals and a logical format. Who do you think, makes these gems? The developers. Web developers to be precise. Websites are a vital part of any product or service’s existence in the online marketplace. Now, there are three paths a web developer can take with respect to what knowledge and skills he has acquired. Let’s see each one of them in detail.

Front End Development

Front end simply means what the end user consumes and sees, i.e. the finished product. Suppose you’re on Amazon’s website and everything you are seeing around by navigating—the menu, the visuals, the fonts and colour scheme, is all a combination of the various technologies like HTML, CSS and JavaScript. While HTML is responsible for the website structure, CSS provides it with the look and feel and JavaScript is used for managing the interactive elements in a website.

Since front end is dealing with the website’s look and feel and user experience (imagine decorating an already built house), the person specialising in the front end needs to be artistically inclined and creative along with mandatorily knowing the above three technlogies—HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Because working with the above programming languages helps to leverage the developer’s creativity. The developer needs to have the ability to foresee how the user will interact with the website and design it accordingly.

Back End Development

So who builds the website? Where is all the data that’s used to make a website stored? In a server which has a database. And that’s where the back end comes in. Back end developers work on the logic of the business. They need to be skilled in different languages like PHP, Java, Python, Oracle, SQL Server, Linux OS, etc. These tools are all used for creating an architecture that translates into the client’s requirements. The need to prepare codes that will technically support the business agenda and provide for a stable backbone on which front end can further work upon. You’re on the Amazon site right now, and it’s showing you recommendations for a pair of shoes you had looked up a few months ago. That’s the work of back end developers where the data is stored and recalled each time the customer returns to the website for a better experience. The person interested in back end development needs to breathe data and love it.

Full Stack Development

The people opting for this are the jack-of-all-trades kind of guys. The name derives from the fact that these people are aware and can work on the entire stack of technologies, to deliver the complete package. Although mastering both takes an ample amount of time and experience, the results are rewarding. Companies nowadays prefer to hire full stack developers to save rising costs of production. Full stack developers need to have both front end and back end skills, meaning right from the entry level responsibilities of setting up the foundation of the website, to setting up a database and to having the creative eye for constructing the user experience. It’s more of a holistic skill base to have.