Technology is something that fascinates everyone, especially when it comes to high-paying job opportunities. But the speed with which technology is advancing, we need to be careful not to get carried away with obsolete skills. However, there are some fields that are evergreen and full-stack development is one of them.
If you have the right tech stack and skills in your pocket, then no one can stop you from becoming a full-fledged full-stack developer. This article will cover each and every corner of the skills that an aspiring full-stack developer should have.
What is a full-stack developer?
A full-stack developer is a unicorn in the field of horses. He is responsible for the development of web applications from head to toe i.e., a full stack developer maintains the front end development of the application along with the server-side or back end development.
Be it designing the UI of the website, making it responsive just like a front-end developer, or creating the APIs and managing the databases as a back-end developer, you name it and the full stack developer will present it right on your plate.
Full-Stack Developer Skills
Below are some of the skills that are essential for an aspiring full-stack developer.
HyperText Markup Language or HTML is the structure or skeleton of any web application. Whatever is written on your website is all HTML.
You can develop a static website using only HTML, using some basic styling like background color, text color, font styles, and font sizes. For advanced styling, CSS is used along with HTML.
Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is used for styling your application. It is basically the flesh and blood of your application. The better the CSS of your website the more it will look attractive.
CSS contains the basic to advanced level styling of the website. The margins, paddings, white spaces, colors, image formatting, and text formatting are all handled using CSS.
4. Backend Technologies and Frameworks
- Python is also a prominent player as it is getting popular in the web domain. The modules that Python provides make it special.
- C#, PHP, Perl, and Ruby are other top technologies for the back-end.
5. Design Skills
- The basic knowledge of the UI/UX principles is a skill that every full-stack developer must acquire.
- The fundamentals of designs help a developer to find the best methods for enhanced user experiences while developing the website.
- Designing tools such as Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop are the first choice among the designers.
6. Database Storage Technology
A good full-stack developer must have a stronghold of a database. Databases are critical for server-side development as you have to store the data that comes through the HTTP requests like the GET or POST requests.
MongoDB, MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, and Oracle are some of the most popular database management systems (DBMS) present in the market.
7. Package Managers
A package manager is a tool or a collection of tools that help you to package your project and deploy it. It allows you to import external dependencies for your project. NPM, JSPM and Yarn are some of the most popular package managers.
Application Programming Interface or API is a link between software that allows multiple applications to contact each other. When you chat with your friend through Facebook, it is because of an API. A skilled full-stack developer should be familiar with APIs.
9. Version control system or VCS
Version Control Systems or VCS are used to manage your project files. They help you to maintain the history of all of your works. Git is the most used VCS and is the go-to VCS for a majority of developers.
Github is a cloud-based platform that helps you manage your Git repositories or folders and offers many features, including repository modification.
10. Web Hosting Platforms
Web Hosting platforms are used to deploy your web applications. If you are an aspiring full-stack developer, you should be familiar with some of the best web hosting platforms as you will be needing them on a professional basis.
AWS, Heroku, Google Cloud platform, and Microsoft Azure are some of the leading web hosting platforms of this decade.
Job Opportunities of a Full-Stack Developer
Full-stack development is one of the hottest and most trending jobs of this decade. Since they are efficient in front-end and back-end development, most companies want to hire them instead of separate front-end and back-end devs.
- Full-Stack developers are specialized in stacks like MERN, MEAN, and LAMP that multiply their ability to work on unique projects.
- The average package of a full-stack developer is around 8-16 LPA.
- There is a huge demand for them in freelancing, which can even make them earn more than a job in an MNC.
Although full-stack development is trending, it’s not easy to master it. You must work hard on your skills, master them, and keep updating yourself according to the demand of the market. This article gave you an insight into some of the best skills a full-stack developer must have.