According to Wikipedia, there are about 700 programming languages, including esoteric coding languages.
Other sources that only list notable languages still count up to an impressive 245 languages.
That’s still a lot of languages… And sometimes it can get confusing.
Especially for a beginner who’s completely new to this field.
To add on to the confusion… New, attractive, better programming languages are brought into the picture every year and the popularity of languages also fluctuates every year.
This can make it very difficult to understand which programming language you should focus on.
Well, you don’t have to worry anymore… We’ve put together this list of the top 10 programming languages of the future.
It is an object-oriented, interpreted programming language that was the first one allowing you to write the code once and run it anywhere.
This language can be used for the development of applications of all sizes both web and mobile as well as for developing enterprise-level applications and working with Big Data.
Being the most learned at the moment, Python will soon increase its utilization popularity as well. Due to elegant and simple syntax, it is considered to be the easiest language to learn and is used for teaching programming.
It is widely used for machine learning (ML), deep learning (DL), data science as well as for mathematics, statistics, computational science. Being both simple and powerful, Python allows streamlining the development process of robust applications: web or mobile.
Mainly it is used for developing interactive and feature-rich web applications but can also be utilized for creating other software that runs anywhere: servers, browsers, mobile devices, micro-controllers, etc.
R programming language is one of the most commonly used programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning.
R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises.
Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.
Swift has not only become the preferred language for iOS development, superseding Objective-C but has also emerged as a trending programming language 2020 with a steep rise in its popularity as noted in the Google Trends graph below.
Introduced back in WWDC 2014, Swift programming language is faster, easy to learn, secure, and has various other features that make it a perfect language for developing apps for iPhones, iPads, and macOS. Due to such features, it is considered as a highly efficient and flexible language.
Also known as “Golang”, Go programming language has also made its entrance into the list of 2020’s top programming languages.
The language, with its concise and easy-to-embrace syntax and faster compilation characteristics, has not just become the favourite of SoundCloud, Google, Netflix, and other such popular brands. But, it has also proven to be one of the best options to get higher salaries.
Having a large open-source community and being widely used by the industry giants like Facebook or WordPress, PHP remains on-demand even though its popularity slowly decreases.
Despite the competition from different server-side environments like Node.js and Python, PHP remains the star of the sector. And the credit of this popularity goes to the frameworks that make it a perfect fit for scalable and robust app development and the fact that 83% of websites on the Internet are based on this backend programming language.
C++ appeared as an improved version of the C language introducing object-oriented features.
It offers a lot of compilers and libraries to build powerful and reliable solutions that can handle high performance and rich functionality. C++ easily adapts to ecosystem or hardware changes and is a perfect option for cloud computing as well as for game development.
It is also one of the most difficult languages to learn.
Kotlin is another modern general-purpose programming language (released in 2015) that keeps gaining popularity.
It runs on JVM (Java virtual machine) and allows using the multitude of Java’s libraries.
Having a much more simple and clean code than Java, Kotlin offers the developer productivity close to Python’s. Due to all of these significant advantages, it is now the main language for android app development.
The language makes it easy for developers to write and maintain codes. TypeScript offers a complete description of each component of the code and can be used for developing large applications with a strict syntax and fewer errors.
Further, it is well-structured and easy to learn. Its extended toolbox makes application development quick. Owing to the benefits it offers, TypeScript is expected to supersede JS in 2020, making it one of the most sought-after programming languages in the future.
Top 10 Programming Languages on GitHub
These are the top 10 programming languages on GitHub, based on the number of contributions.
We hope this list of ‘top 10 programming languages of the future’ was helpful.
Learning a programming language is not easy, it has a steep learning curve... but it can also be very rewarding.
You will have a lot of questions at first.
Just remember to get help when you need it!
Also, remember that it takes years to become an expert programmer. Don't expect to get good overnight.
Just keep learning something new every day and eventually, you will be competent enough to get the job done
You can also check out our Full Stack Development | Learning Path if you want to accelerate your learning curve & gain a competitive advantage.